28
Dec
09

Personal Relevance and the Sense of Self


From PLoS One

I’ll read this a few times and try to get a better understanding, but this is a fascinating attempt to get at the neuronal relationship to the “me” that conscious entities experience. The authors use the description “personal relevance.”

Is Our Self Nothing But Reward?

The attribution of personal relevance, i.e. relating internal and external stimuli to establish a sense of belonging, is a common phenomenon in daily life. Although previous research demonstrated a relationship between reward and personal relevance, their exact neuronal relationship including the impact of personality traits remains unclear.
Methodology/Principal Findings

Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we applied an experimental paradigm that allowed us to explore the neural response evoked by reward and the attribution of personal relevance separately. We observed different brain regions previously reported to be active during reward and personal relevance, including the bilateral caudate nucleus and the pregenual anterior cingulate cortex (PACC). Additional analysis revealed activations in the right and left insula specific for the attribution of personal relevance. Furthermore, our results demonstrate a negative correlation between signal changes in both the PACC and the left anterior insula during the attribution of low personal relevance and the personality dimension novelty seeking.
Conclusion/Significance

While a set of subcortical and cortical regions including the PACC is commonly involved in reward and personal relevance, other regions like the bilateral anterior insula were recruited specifically during personal relevance. Based on our correlation between novelty seeking and signal changes in both regions during personal relevance, we assume that the neuronal response to personally relevant stimuli is dependent on the personality trait novelty seeking.

Neuroscience may someday be able to answer the questions that metaphysics have been struggling over for millenia.

Is Our Self Nothing but Reward? Neuronal Overlap and Distinction between Reward and Personal Relevance and Its Relation to Human Personality

Enzi B, de Greck M, Prösch U, Tempelmann C, Northoff G, 2009 Is Our Self Nothing but Reward? Neuronal Overlap and Distinction between Reward and Personal Relevance and Its Relation to Human Personality. PLoS ONE 4(12): e8429. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0008429

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